Applications of Geoweb Methods in Urban Planning on the Examples of Selected Polish Cities
Edyta Bąkowska, Marek Młodkowski
Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań
The idea of public participation in urban planning is based on the conception that space is shaped by people, the inhabitants of a given area, who by choosing the place of living for different reasons of their own make specific ties with this area, identify with the place and relate to it. They are also one of the most important groups that are affected by the changes in urban development and should be included in the process of decision making. The traditional methods of consultations used so far in Poland have been ineffective in scaling up the participation of local inhabitants and giving them a meaningful voice in shaping local plans. Geoweb methods deriving from developments in PPGIS and interactive Web technologies offer an alternative to public participation in planning based on consultations. This paper discuss two such methods- geo-questionnaire and geo-discussion in the context of their applications in Poland. In the presented herein studies the methods have been used at different spatial scales ranging from major cities in Poland (Poznan and Lodz) to a suburban municipality (Rokietnica in Poznań Agglomeration). Geo-questionnaire has been used to collect residents’ urban development preferences and geo-discussion to give local residents and urban planners an opportunity to discuss a draft of the local urban development plan. The paper discusses lessons learned from the implementations of geo-questionnaire and geo-discussion in the selected locations and evaluates the actual use of their results in the planning decision-making processes.